The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 4: Boot Camps
As a response to 1990s tough-on-crime initiatives, juvenile boot camps were first modeled after adult boot camps for criminal offenders. Protocols were later developed, with varying results. Some residential camps featured an emphasis on treatment and skill building within a positive culture, while others placed an emphasis on military-like discipline. While boot camps are less expensive in the short run than incarceration, and maintain a high degree of public support as an appropriate punishment for youths and an effective way to keep communities safe, concerns have been raised over the way these camps are sometimes implemented. Studies examining whether boot camps actually affect youth recidivism have shown very little evidence of effectiveness; in some cases, these studies have even shown higher recidivism ...