The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 2: Alternative Schools
Public schools must determine how to handle students who repeatedly experience educational failure, particularly those in danger of dropping out. In addition, schools have to handle students who are consistently disruptive and are in danger of being expelled, including those who have committed violent or delinquent acts. Educators refer to such students as “at-risk.” Students who drop out of or are expelled from school are not only at risk for academic failure, but also face further problems through adolescence and adulthood, including encounters with the juvenile and adult justice systems. Dropouts are more likely, according to some researchers, to be arrested, abuse drugs, receive public assistance, remain unemployed, and spend time in prison. Research by Johanna Wald and Daniel Losen in 2003 ...