The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 19: Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders
Serious and violent juvenile offenders are a significant problem. Their offending has a substantial impact on the communities in which they live, the juvenile and criminal justice systems, and the research community. Scholars and practitioners have devoted considerable resources to identifying the characteristics of serious violent juveniles. Research shows that there is an intersection of three classes of offenders: serious, violent, and chronic. Serious offenders are individuals who have committed serious acts of delinquency that include all violent offenses, serious property offenses, and drug trafficking. Violent offenders are those criminal acts against persons included in the Uniform Crime Report, a summary-based federal reporting system with data gathered from the city, county, state, and other geographic levels. ...