The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 18: Sentencing Options
In the adult criminal justice system, the consequences that result from a finding or plea of criminal guilt are known as sentencing options, whereas in the juvenile justice system the consequences of adjudication (a finding of responsibility) are known as disposition options. This is just one of the many differences in language, function, and purpose of the two unique systems created to respond in age-appropriate ways to adult crime and juvenile delinquency. For purposes of clarity, the term sentencing is used to describe the disposition options currently available to youths adjudicated delinquent in juvenile justice systems across the United States.
Sentencing options in the juvenile system are meant to address the core principles of juvenile justice, which focus more on rehabilitation and competency ...