The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 17: School Violence
Extreme acts of violence committed by children and young adults grab national headlines and the public eye. Violent school shootings, such as the tragedies in Jonesboro, Arkansas, Columbine high school in Littleton, Colorado, and at the Red Lake Indian Reservation, Minnesota, garner media, political, and public attention. These serious forms of violence are actually exceptionally rare at schools, but there are many more common forms of youth violence that do not involve firing a gun. These acts of violence, though not as high profile or attention grabbing, are no less significant. Youth violence, particularly violence on school grounds, is a continuum, ranging anywhere from bullying and teasing to more extreme homicides and school shootings. Managing and preventing more common forms of youth ...