The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 15: Racial Disparities
In the last several decades, racial disparities in the juvenile justice system have received renewed attention in academia. Following the amendments to the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1992, the last several decades have seen the activity of various governmental and nongovernmental agencies dedicated to investigating the causes of black and Hispanic over-representation in the juvenile justice system. Alongside the work of national and local agencies, the scholarly interest in racial disparity in the juvenile justice system shown by academics has produced noteworthy contributions to identifying the presence of this particular racial disparity, however, this research has not provided social scientists and activists with an identifiable cause. According to Timothy Bray, Lisa Sample, and Kimberly Kempf-Leonard in Justice by Geography, ...