The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 13: Out-of-Home Placement
Out-of-home placements are residential programs for youths who are adjudicated delinquent (found guilty) by the juvenile court. They may include foster care, group homes, independent living programs, ranches, boot camps, treatment camps, farms, or institutional programs such as training schools or residential treatment centers. Out-of-home placements are typically contrasted with community-based services for delinquent youths. They are designed to remove youthful offenders from the criminogenic influences of delinquent peers, impoverished neighborhoods, or lack of parental supervision. Residential placements are also used when youths have needs that cannot be met in the community, such as severe mental health or substance abuse problems, or when there is abuse or neglect at home.
Finally, they are a common dispositional option for delinquent youths who have committed ...