The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 10: Juvenile Offenders in Adult Courts
The historical precedent of providing differential treatment for juveniles who break the law dates as far back as the first written records of law found in the Code of the Hammurabi, 4,000 B.C.E. In general, the modified response to juvenile offending has consisted of some form of mitigation of punishment based on the presumption that youths are not fully culpable for their actions due to immaturity. In more modern times, this distinction has not only been drawn at the punishment stage, but an entirely separate system of justice, the juvenile court system, has evolved to process and respond to the delinquent behavior of youths.
However, the boundary between juvenility and adulthood is nebulous, and as such, many ...