The authors of the 20 chapters in Juvenile Crime and Justice address various hotly debated topics along three loosely connected themes: prevention, prosecution, and corrections. Each author presents arguments both in favor of and opposed to various treatments, programs, and punishments, examining issues such as youth curfews, juveniles in adult courts, legal representation for juveniles, juvenile boot camps, group homes, out-of-home placement, and more. The chapters included cover the leading arguments pertaining to key topics in this field and point out where more research needs to be done–which, at present, includes many of the most controversial issues in juvenile justice policy.The SeriesThe five brief, issues-based books in SAGE Reference’s Key Issues in Crime & Punishment Series offer examinations of controversial programs, practices, problems or issues from varied perspectives. Volumes correspond to the five central subfields in the Criminal Justice curriculum: Crime & Criminal Behavior, Policing, The Courts, Corrections, and Juvenile Justice. Each volume consists of approximately 20 chapters offering succinct pro/con examinations, and Recommended Readings conclude each chapter, highlighting different approaches to or perspectives on the issue at hand. As a set, these volumes provide perfect reference support for students writing position papers in undergraduate courses spanning the Criminal Justice curriculum. Each title is approximately 350 pages in length.
Chapter 1: Age of Responsibility
There are a number of provisions in law that use a child's age to protect those under the age of majority, usually under 18 years of age, from activities that are available to adults, but are deemed harmful to children. Examples of such protections include age restrictions on the sale of alcohol and tobacco products, minimum age restrictions on employment, and in the case of criminal law, the right to be presumed to lack capacity to infringe penal law if the person is below a certain minimum age. When considering the issue of criminal responsibility and the age at which full responsibility for criminal actions occurs, there are a number of issues that must be addressed. First, the traditional notion ...