This volume in The SAGE Reference Series on Disability explores health and medical issues for people with disabilities. It is one of eight volumes in the cross-disciplinary and issues-based series, which incorporates links from varied fields making up disability studies as volumes examine topics central to the lives of individuals with disabilities and their families. With a balance of history, theory, research, and application, specialists set out the findings and implications of research and practice for others whose current or future work involves the care or study of those with disabilities, as well as for the disabled themselves. The concise, engaging presentational style emphasizes accessibility. Taken individually, each volume sets out the fundamentals of the topic it addresses, accompanied by compiled data and statistics, recommended further readings, a guide to organizations and associations, and other annotated resources, thus providing the ideal introductory platform and gateway for further study. Taken together, the series represents both a survey of major disability issues and a guide to new directions and trends and contemporary resources in the field as a whole.

Chronology of Critical Events

Chronology of critical events

The histories of medicine, public health, and disability are old and intricately intertwined. The dates of some of the major milestones in those histories are listed below.

10000 BCE

With the early domestication of plants and animals, new human diseases arise, such as diphtheria, measles, and smallpox.

8000 BCE

Human skulls are found in both the New and Old World showing marks from trepanation, a surgical operation in which a small hole is drilled in the skull.

4500 BCE

Human skeletal remains from this era are found in the New and Old World that show traces of rheumatoid arthritis.

4000 BCE

The first urban centers are formed in Mesopotamia.

3000 BCE

Many Mesopotamian clay tablets document the practice of medicine, including prescriptions for medications for various diseases.

2600 ...

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