• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This Handbook critically examines research and theoretical issues that impact writing development from the early years through to adulthood. It provides those researching or teaching literacy with one of the most academically authoritative and comprehensive works in the field. With expert contributors from across the world, the book represents a detailed and valuable overview of a complex area of study.

Developing Writing in a High-Stakes Environment
Developing writing in a high-stakes environment

Writing plays a central part in communication within society, and developing the ability to write is correspondingly fundamental as an educational aim. Because of its importance, governments, on behalf of societies, wish to reassure themselves that the educational system is meeting its obligation to produce a literate population. It is this simple reasoning that underpins the pervasive and complex systems that, in some countries, have become known as high-stakes assessment of writing.

This chapter adopts a sharp focus on writing through the lens of assessment. It will investigate not only what is assessed and how it is assessed but also the inferences, decisions, actions, and consequences that result from the assessment. Test validation theory provides ...

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