The Handbook of World Families provides a cross-cultural perspective on the family by examining family life in 25 countries worldwide. The countries included in this volume are organized by six world regions including Africa, Asia/South Pacific, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, and North America - offering readers the most thorough and balanced cross-cultural examination of world families available. Editors Bert N. Adams and Jan Trost, along with contributions by top family studies experts from around the world, ensure reliable, cutting-edge research and perspectives.
Chapter 4: Australian Families
European settlement in Australia commenced in 1788 with the establishment of a British penal colony. Colonization led to the destruction of the cultures of the indigenous nomadic population so that by 2001 just 2.3% of the population classified themselves as indigenous Australians. Throughout the 19th century until the end of World War II in 1945, most of the population growth consisted of immigrants from Britain and their descendents. After 1945, there was a sharp growth in immigration but the sources of immigration became more diverse, with a wider range of white European immigrants coming to Australia. In the early 1970s the abandonment of the White Australia Policy meant that an immigration policy that had restricted migration to white and mainly European ...