The Handbook of World Families provides a cross-cultural perspective on the family by examining family life in 25 countries worldwide. The countries included in this volume are organized by six world regions including Africa, Asia/South Pacific, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, and North America - offering readers the most thorough and balanced cross-cultural examination of world families available. Editors Bert N. Adams and Jan Trost, along with contributions by top family studies experts from around the world, ensure reliable, cutting-edge research and perspectives.
Chapter 17: Families in Turkey
Families in Turkey
1 & 10. The Institutional Constitution of the Family in Turkey
The genesis of the forms of family life in today's Turkey can be traced back to three essential cultural factors in history. The first and, until modern times, the most influential factor is that the population of the territory of the Turkish state has been a segmented, rural peasant society. This peasant society has, however, always coexisted with a variety of minorities, especially in the urban areas and along the coast, specializing in specific income resources (e.g., trading, fishing, military service), or—like some Kurdish tribes in Eastern Turkey—living as nomadic shepherds because of ecological circumstances. A second influential factor, which is not always systematically separated from the latter, is ...