The Handbook of World Families provides a cross-cultural perspective on the family by examining family life in 25 countries worldwide. The countries included in this volume are organized by six world regions including Africa, Asia/South Pacific, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, and North America - offering readers the most thorough and balanced cross-cultural examination of world families available. Editors Bert N. Adams and Jan Trost, along with contributions by top family studies experts from around the world, ensure reliable, cutting-edge research and perspectives.
Chapter 16: Scandinavian Families
Denmark, Norway, and Sweden are the three Scandinavian countries. Sometimes people include Iceland and Finland as Scandinavian countries, but that is in confusion with the term Nordic countries. All three countries are kingdoms, and over the centuries they have occupied each other or been in more or less voluntary unions. Sometimes they have been at war with each other and exchanged land in peace processes. Previous to Christianity the entire area practiced the Asa religion, which featured many female and male gods. Christianity came officially at about 1000 C.E but it did not fully take hold until the 15th century (Carlsson, 1965, 1972). During the 16th century, the Lutheran version of Protestantism was introduced. As happened with Christianity, the kings decided ...