- Subject index
Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.
Chapter 6: Work-Family Conflict
Although conflict between work and family life was undoubtedly a stressor for many people prior to 1970, sociologists have suggested that this issue began to generate substantial interest during recent decades, in large part because families in which all of the adults work for pay have become much more common (e.g., Bianchi & Raley, 2003; Jacobs & Gerson, 1998, 2001). In 1970, just 35.9% of all married couples made up of Americans aged 18 to 64 were composed of two earners, but this figure rose to 59.6% by the year 2000 (Jacobs, 2003). Additionally, the proportion of single-parent households increased from 11.1% in 1970 to 24.3% in 2000, and the proportion of single parents who were employed rose from 53.2% ...