Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.
Chapter 25: Editors' Overview: Interventions
The previous sections of this handbook have covered the major work stressors experienced by individuals in organizations, the major individual and organizational outcomes resulting from exposure to work stressors, and the experience of special populations of workers regarding the work stress process. Although the exploration of each of these issues is important for our understanding of work stress, we ultimately need to consider interventions aimed at managing exposure to work stressors and the resulting deleterious outcomes. As will be documented in the next two chapters, work stress interventions have received considerably less research attention compared with other aspects of the work stress process.
Work stress interventions can be conceptualized within the public health notion of prevention. As applied to the arena ...