Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.
Chapter 20: International and Cross Cultural Issues
In recent years, job stress has become one of the major topics of interest among organizational researchers. Whereas most studies have been concerned with uncovering general principles, a stream of research has looked at international issues to ascertain the influence of both cultural and national differences. Cross-cultural/cross-national research on job stress is of growing importance. The globalization of business means that many organizations will increasingly operate in different cultures. Cross-cultural/cross-national job stress research is vital in such situations because we cannot assume that U.S. and Western-developed job stress theories apply to other countries (e.g., Trompenaars & Hampden-Turner, 1998). For example, the nature of job stressors and job strains can be different among employees with differing ...