- Subject index
Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.
Chapter 2: Organizational Role Stress
Organizational Role Stress
All the world's a stage,
And all the men and women merely players.
They have their exits and their entrances;
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages.
The study of role stress perhaps really began before or during the time of Shakespeare when Shakespeare's Jacques so poignantly noted, prior to Orlando's entrance onto the stage with Adam, that we are all mere actors playing multiple roles on the stages of life. On our various stages, we take upon ourselves different roles to play, and it is the expectations of others around us (e.g., supervisors and coworkers) rather than those of a playwright and audience that guide our behaviors ...