• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.   

Gender Issues
Gender issues

Popular stereotypes convey fundamental differences in the way men and women feel, think, act, and relate to others. These gendered differences are assumed to exist in all social spheres, including work and family life. Yet the life circumstances of most women and men have changed dramatically over the past few decades, with evidence of greater similarity (Barnett & Hyde, 2001). We can attribute much of this shift to women's increasing entry into the paid workforce (Davidson & Burke, 2000; Reskin & Padavic, 1994; see also Fielden & Cooper, 2002). For instance, data from the United States show that women's participation in the labor force has gone from approximately 18% in the late 1800s to roughly 59% in 1996 (see Stroh & Reilly, ...

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