Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.
Chapter 18: Older Workers
Older workers represent a large and growing presence in the workforce in many parts of the world. Fullerton and Toossi (2001) reported a 21% increase in the U.S. civilian labor force aged 55 and older between the years 1990 and 2000, and projections through the year 2010 indicate that growth in this sector will continue throughout the decade. As a percentage of the total civilian labor force, it is expected that “over 55” workers will constitute almost 17% of the labor force by the year 2010. Labor force participation rates tend to drop off beginning at about age 55, due primarily to early and “normal” retirements. However, labor force participation rates among members of this group have also shown a steady ...