- Subject index
Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.
Chapter 16: Editors' Overviews: Special Populations
Editors' Overviews: Special Populations
Efforts to understand the experience of stress in the workplace have resulted in a proliferation of theoretical models (e.g., Karasek & Theorell, 1990; Siegrist, 1996; Sauter, Murphy, & Hurrell, 1990; Warr, 1987) that vary in their “breadth” (i.e., the number of organizational conditions considered) as well as the functional relationships specified between stressors and outcomes (e.g., the specification of moderated or curvilinear relationships). Underpinning each of these models is a more generic specification that distinguishes between stressors (i.e., the objective organizational condition), stress (i.e., the reaction to the stressor), and strain (i.e., the outcomes associated with prolonged exposure to the stressor; Pratt & Barling, 1988). Following from transactional views of stress (e.g., Lazarus & Folkman, 1984), researchers recognize ...