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Questions about the causes or sources of work stress have been the subject of considerable research, as well as public fascination, for several decades. Earlier interest in this issue focused on the question of whether some jobs are simply more inherently stressful than others. Other questions that soon emerged asked whether some individuals were more prone to stress than others. The Handbook of Work Stress focuses primarily on identifying the different sources of work stress across different contexts and individuals.   

Organizational Politics
Organizational politics
KenHarrisK. Michele Kacmar

Like stress, politics is ubiquitous in organizations. Perhaps because of its omnipresence, agreement on a definition of politics is difficult to reach. There have been numerous definitions of organizational politics presented in the literature including an entire article devoted to defining the construct (Drory & Romm, 1990). Although a number of different aspects of the definition were discussed by Drory and Romm, they failed to offer their own definition. In a recent review piece, Kacmar and Baron (1999) drew on the work of Drory and Romm as well as other conceptualizations to arrive at the following definition: “Organizational politics involves actions by individuals which are directed toward the goal of furthering their own self-interests without regard for the well-being of ...

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