- Subject index
This vital new handbook marks the development of sports studies as a major new discipline within the social sciences. Edited by the leading sociologist of sport, Eric Dunning, and author of the best selling textbook on sport in the USA, Jay Coakley, it both reflects and richly endorses this new found status. Key aspects of the Handbook include: an inventory of the principal achievements in the field; a guide to the chief conflicts and difficulties in the theory and research process; a rallying point for researchers who are established or new to the field, which sets the agenda for future developments; a resource book for teachers who wish to establish new curricula and develop courses and programmes in the area of sports s
Chapter 6: Figurational Sociology and its Application to Sport
Figurational Sociology and its Application to Sport
Figurational sociology or, as it is sometimes called, process sociology, has grown out of the work of Norbert Elias (1897–1990).1 The central organizing concept of figurational sociology is, unsurprisingly, the concept of ‘figuration’ itself. Elias described a figuration as ‘a structure of mutually oriented and dependent people’ (1978a: 261). He developed the concept as a means of trying to overcome some of the difficulties associated with more conventional sociological terms and theories. In particular, he was critical of what he regarded as misleading and unhelpful dualisms and dichotomies, such as that between the individual and society, and also of the tendency towards what he called process reduction, in which everything that is experienced ...