The SAGE Handbook of Special Education brings together the most up to date knowledge of this area and will serve as the major source book of authoritative information and ideas about current and future directions for special education. It aims to examine the intricate relations between theory, research, and practice, and places a particular emphasis on international policies such as Education for All, and inclusive education as a strategy for achieving it. This comprehensive, research-based work, assembles scholarship on an international level, and covers topics that transcend national boundaries.
Chapter 7: The Disproportionate Placement of Ethnic Minorities in Special Education
The Disproportionate Placement of Ethnic Minorities in Special Education
Ethnic disproportionality in special education refers to the fact that students from certain historically excluded minority groups have been placed in special education programs at rates that are disproportionate to their presence in the student population as a whole.
For a variety of reasons that will be explained in this chapter, this pattern, noted in the US since the inception of the Education of All Handicapped Children's Act (EHA) in 1975, has been the source of controversy regarding whether disporportionality represents discriminatory decisions that result in the excluding or stigmatizing of historically oppressed minorities. The EHA was reauthorized in 1990 under the name of The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement ...