- Subject index
The SAGE Handbook of Special Education brings together the most up to date knowledge of this area and will serve as the major source book of authoritative information and ideas about current and future directions for special education. It aims to examine the intricate relations between theory, research, and practice, and places a particular emphasis on international policies such as Education for All, and inclusive education as a strategy for achieving it. This comprehensive, research-based work, assembles scholarship on an international level, and covers topics that transcend national boundaries.
Chapter 40: Challenging Orthodoxy in Special Education: On Longstanding Debates and Philosophical Divides
Challenging Orthodoxy in Special Education: On Longstanding Debates and Philosophical Divides
When special education as we know it today came of age in the early to mid 1960s, it emerged as a field principally informed by the prevailing philosophical and conceptual frameworks of the era – namely, positivism, empiricism, and behaviorism. Situated squarely within the medical and scientific models of help, the special education project centered on diagnosis, prescription, assessment, and, to the extent possible, remediation of those identified as requiring our intervention. In the ensuing four decades or so, with the massive expansion of special education programs in the public schools, little has changed in either form or substance. In fact, one might make the ...