The SAGE Handbook of Special Education brings together the most up to date knowledge of this area and will serve as the major source book of authoritative information and ideas about current and future directions for special education. It aims to examine the intricate relations between theory, research, and practice, and places a particular emphasis on international policies such as Education for All, and inclusive education as a strategy for achieving it. This comprehensive, research-based work, assembles scholarship on an international level, and covers topics that transcend national boundaries.
Chapter 14: Perspectives Shaping and Challenging Research Approaches in Special Education
Perspectives Shaping and Challenging Research Approaches in Special Education
Special education as a modern professional area of research and practice developed and expanded in the last half of the twentieth century. During that period, dramatic changes occurred across disciplines in the social sciences with respect to what was considered legitimate research. Logical positivism, the traditional epistemology of research, was defeated around the middle of the century and several worldviews emerged that provided alternative understandings of knowledge and logics for doing science (Popper, 1959: Quine, 1961; Phillips, 1987). Social scientists were deeply divided in their views and there were no shared rules for adjudicating differences. These differences also existed among special education researchers who struggled to develop a well-reasoned ...