The subject matter of this Handbook deals with one of the most challenging issues for societies in the 21st Century, namely, the social, economic and cultural changes associated with individual ageing and the rapidly growing reality of the ageing of human populations. The SAGE Handbook of Social Gerontology provides a comprehensive overview of key trends and issues in the field of ageing, drawing upon the full range of social science disciplines. The volume reflects the emergence of ageing as a global concern, drawing upon international scholars from Asia, Australasia, Europe and North America. The book is organized into five parts, each exploring different aspects of research into social aspects of ageing: · Disciplinary overviews: summaries of findings from key disciplinary areas within social gerontology · Social relationships and social differences: topics include social inequality, gender, religion, inter-generational ties, social networks, and friendships in later life. · Individual characteristics and change in later life: examining different aspects of individual aging, including self and identity, cognitive processes, and biosocial interactions and their impact on physical and psychological aging · Comparative perspectives and cultural innovations: topics include ageing and development, ageing in a global context, migration, and cross-cultural perspectives on grandparenthood · Policy issues: topics include: developments in social policy, long-term care, technology and older people, end of life issues, work and retirement, crime and older people, and the politics of old age. It will be essential reading for all students, researchers and policy-makers concerned with the major issues influencing the lives of older people across the globe.

Epidemiology of Ageing

Epidemiology of ageing

Introduction

Epidemiology is the study of the population distribution of health states and the factors that influence their distribution. Epidemiology is based on the underlying premise that health outcomes are not randomly distributed, but rather that the incidence, prevalence, and duration of health states follow identifiable patterns; its purpose is to describe and explain these patterns. This chapter provides a brief overview of major topics in the epidemiology of ageing, including an introduction to population ageing and the epidemiology of ageing, a review of theoretical frameworks for understanding health changes with age, a summary of major health outcomes associated with age, a review of major factors affecting health at older ages, and a summary of emerging research areas.

Demographic and epidemiological transitions

The demographic ...

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