The subject matter of this Handbook deals with one of the most challenging issues for societies in the 21st Century, namely, the social, economic and cultural changes associated with individual ageing and the rapidly growing reality of the ageing of human populations. The SAGE Handbook of Social Gerontology provides a comprehensive overview of key trends and issues in the field of ageing, drawing upon the full range of social science disciplines. The volume reflects the emergence of ageing as a global concern, drawing upon international scholars from Asia, Australasia, Europe and North America. The book is organized into five parts, each exploring different aspects of research into social aspects of ageing: · Disciplinary overviews: summaries of findings from key disciplinary areas within social gerontology · Social relationships and social differences: topics include social inequality, gender, religion, inter-generational ties, social networks, and friendships in later life. · Individual characteristics and change in later life: examining different aspects of individual aging, including self and identity, cognitive processes, and biosocial interactions and their impact on physical and psychological aging · Comparative perspectives and cultural innovations: topics include ageing and development, ageing in a global context, migration, and cross-cultural perspectives on grandparenthood · Policy issues: topics include: developments in social policy, long-term care, technology and older people, end of life issues, work and retirement, crime and older people, and the politics of old age. It will be essential reading for all students, researchers and policy-makers concerned with the major issues influencing the lives of older people across the globe.
The Economics of Ageing
The Economics of Ageing
The economic situation of the aged has improved greatly over the years around the world. Schulz (2001: 2), for example, characterized the situation in the United States at the turn of the 21st century as follows:
From a statistical point of view, the older population in this country is beginning to look a lot like the rest of the population: some very rich, lots with adequate income, lots more with very modest income (often near poverty), and a significant minority still destitute.
However, as Smeeding (2005) points out, while great strides have been made in reducing poverty among older people, the poverty rates in the United States (and the United Kingdom) are still higher than in other industrialized countries.
Early Social ...