The Handbook of Rural Studies represents the vitality and theoretical innovation at work in rural studies. It shows how political economy and the "cultural turn" have led to very significant new thinking in the cultural representations of: rurality; nature; sustainability; new economies; power and rurality; new consumerism; and exclusion and rurality.It is organized in three sections: approaches to rural studies; rural research: key theoretical co-ordinates and new rural relations.In a rich and textured discussion, the Handbook of Rural Studies explains the key moments in which the theorization of culture, nature, politics, agency, and space in rural contexts have transmitted ideas back into wider social science.
Chapter 34: New Rural Social Movements and Agroecology
New Rural Social Movements and Agroecology
There are new movements emerging in the world in defence of agricultural policies favourable to traditional agroecological methods. The agroeco-logical antagonism to neo-liberal globalization is described here mainly with reference to networks in Latin America (because of our own direct knowledge and participation in them), but it is a worldwide phenomenon, as shown by movements in India also described here. These movements have been born out of local resistance to seed multinationals, the degradation of ecosystems and the threats to livelihoods because of agricultural modernization. They also oppose subsidized exports of agricultural surpluses from the US and EU. These movements are based on ancient knowledge of farming systems and also ...