The field of health psychology has exploded in the last decade due to progress identifying physiological mechanisms by which psychological, social, and behavioral factors can put people's health and well-being at risk. The Handbook of Physiological Research Methods in Health Psychology provides thorough, state-of-the-art, and user-friendly coverage of basic techniques for measurement of physiological variables in health psychology research. It is designed to serve as a primary reference source for researchers and students interested in expanding their research to consider a biopsychosocial approach. Chapters addressing key physiological measures have been written by international experts with an eye towards documenting essential information that must be considered in order to accurately and reliably measure biological samples. The book is not intended to be a lab manual of specific biomedical techniques, nor is it intended to provide extensive physiological or anatomical information. Rather, it takes the approach most useful for a non-specialist who seeks guidance on how and when to collect biological measures but who will have the actual samples assayed elsewhere. The Handbook can be thought of as a primer or a gateway book for researchers new to the area of physiological measurement and for readers who would like to better understand the meaning of physiological measures they encounter in research reports.
Chapter 16: Measurement of Sleep by Polysomnography
Measurement of Sleep by Polysomnography
Research in health psychology is beginning to embrace sleep as important to relationships among psychosocial factors, health, and disease. Common factors in health psychology research, including psychological stress, coping behaviors, loneliness, and social support, are significant correlates of sleep (e.g., Brummett etal., 2006; Cacioppo etal., 2002; Germain, Buysse, Ombao, Kupfer, & Hall, 2003; Hall etal., 1997; Hall, Bromberger, & Matthews, 1999; Hall etal., 2000; Hall etal., 2004; Ironson etal., 1997; Pressman etal., 2005). As reviewed in this chapter, disturbed sleep, in turn, has been linked to risk factors for poor health outcomes, as well as to increases in medical and psychiatric morbidity and all-cause mortality (e.g., Irwin, Wang, Campomayor, Collado-Hidalgo, & Cole, ...