The field of health psychology has exploded in the last decade due to progress identifying physiological mechanisms by which psychological, social, and behavioral factors can put people's health and well-being at risk. The Handbook of Physiological Research Methods in Health Psychology provides thorough, state-of-the-art, and user-friendly coverage of basic techniques for measurement of physiological variables in health psychology research. It is designed to serve as a primary reference source for researchers and students interested in expanding their research to consider a biopsychosocial approach. Chapters addressing key physiological measures have been written by international experts with an eye towards documenting essential information that must be considered in order to accurately and reliably measure biological samples. The book is not intended to be a lab manual of specific biomedical techniques, nor is it intended to provide extensive physiological or anatomical information. Rather, it takes the approach most useful for a non-specialist who seeks guidance on how and when to collect biological measures but who will have the actual samples assayed elsewhere. The Handbook can be thought of as a primer or a gateway book for researchers new to the area of physiological measurement and for readers who would like to better understand the meaning of physiological measures they encounter in research reports.
Chapter 15: Lipid, Lipoprotein, and Inflammatory Markers of Atherosclerosis
Lipid, Lipoprotein, and Inflammatory Markers of Atherosclerosis
Cardiovascular diseases are the most prevalent diseases in the world, and represent the number one cause of morbidity and mortality among both men and women in industrialized, as well as most developing, countries. Although declines have been noted in the United States since the 1950s, an epidemic of cardiovascular disease morbidity is occurring in many other parts of the world. In addition, 30% of all deaths throughout the world can be attributed to cardiovascular diseases (World Health Organization, 2002). The most important disease of the heart is coronary artery disease (CAD; also called ischemic heart disease or simply coronary heart disease); the underlying cause of coronary artery disease is nearly always ...