The field of health psychology has exploded in the last decade due to progress identifying physiological mechanisms by which psychological, social, and behavioral factors can put people's health and well-being at risk. The Handbook of Physiological Research Methods in Health Psychology provides thorough, state-of-the-art, and user-friendly coverage of basic techniques for measurement of physiological variables in health psychology research. It is designed to serve as a primary reference source for researchers and students interested in expanding their research to consider a biopsychosocial approach. Chapters addressing key physiological measures have been written by international experts with an eye towards documenting essential information that must be considered in order to accurately and reliably measure biological samples. The book is not intended to be a lab manual of specific biomedical techniques, nor is it intended to provide extensive physiological or anatomical information. Rather, it takes the approach most useful for a non-specialist who seeks guidance on how and when to collect biological measures but who will have the actual samples assayed elsewhere. The Handbook can be thought of as a primer or a gateway book for researchers new to the area of physiological measurement and for readers who would like to better understand the meaning of physiological measures they encounter in research reports.
Chapter 1: Physiological Research Methods in Health Psychology: Applications of the Biopsychosocial Model
Physiological Research Methods in Health Psychology: Applications of the Biopsychosocial Model
The emergence of the field of health psychology can be traced to the 1970s, when forward-thinking scientists advanced the notion that health reflects the complex interplay of physiological, psychological, and social factors (Friedman & Adler, 2007). Most notably, in 1977, physician George Engel called for a radical revision of the biomedical paradigm, presenting an alternative framework, subsequently labeled the biopsychosocial model (Engel, 1977, 1980; Matarazzo, 1980; Schwartz & Weiss, 1978). In this view, health and illness emerge from multiple influences at the cellular, organismic, interpersonal, and environmental levels. The biopsychosocial model has been adopted as the prevailing paradigm for research, practice, and ...