Remote sensing acquires and interprets small or large-scale data about the Earth from a distance. Using a wide range of spatial, spectral, temporal, and radiometric scales remote sensing is a large and diverse field for which this Handbook will be the key research reference. Illustrated throughout, an essential resource for the analysis of remotely sensed data, The SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing provides researchers with a definitive statement of the core concepts and methodologies in the discipline.
Chapter 9: Moderate Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors
Moderate Spatial Resolution Optical Sensors
moderate-resolution remote sensing, landsat, experimental, operational.
Moderate spatial resolution, satellite-based, civilian land imaging systems originated from the Cold War between the United States (US) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). In 1957, after Sputnik initiated the space race between the USSR and the US, the US defense intelligence community (Intel) placed into orbit the first land observatory, CORONA; this also addressed the intelligence vacuum created by the shooting down of Gary Powers’ Utility-2 (U2) airplane over the USSR in 1960. In parallel, considerable efforts were underway in the US to develop civilian ‘peaceful uses of outer space.’ This included the convening of a National Research Council panel in 1967, focused on Useful Applications of Earth-Oriented ...