Remote sensing acquires and interprets small or large-scale data about the Earth from a distance. Using a wide range of spatial, spectral, temporal, and radiometric scales remote sensing is a large and diverse field for which this Handbook will be the key research reference. Illustrated throughout, an essential resource for the analysis of remotely sensed data, The SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing provides researchers with a definitive statement of the core concepts and methodologies in the discipline.
Chapter 5: Thermal Remote Sensing in Earth Science Research
Thermal Remote Sensing in Earth Science Research
thermal infrared remote sensing, surface energy balance, thermal radiation, emissivity, atmospheric correction, evaporation, evapotranspiration, urban heat island.
In this chapter, we focus on elucidating the principles of thermal infrared (TIR) remote sensing for observation of Earth surface characteristics and for research relating to analysis of biophysical Earth processes, in particular landscape characterization and measurement of land surface processes. We will draw on selected case studies that exemplify how TIR data are essential for developing a better understanding, and more robust models, of land-surface energy balance interactions.
Because the basic theory of TIR remote sensing is well developed in the literature (see for example, Sabins 1978, Chapter 5, Price 1989, Jensen 2000, Chapter 8), it ...