Remote sensing acquires and interprets small or large-scale data about the Earth from a distance. Using a wide range of spatial, spectral, temporal, and radiometric scales remote sensing is a large and diverse field for which this Handbook will be the key research reference. Illustrated throughout, an essential resource for the analysis of remotely sensed data, The SAGE Handbook of Remote Sensing provides researchers with a definitive statement of the core concepts and methodologies in the discipline.
Chapter 23: Remote Sensing of Geology
Remote Sensing of Geology
mineral mapping, hyperspectral classification, hydrothermal alteration, Planetary geology, hydrocarbon exploration, RADAR interferometry, lidar, landslide hazard assessment, geology.
Earth scientists have employed aerial images for decades. With the advent of satellite data the usefulness of the regional ‘synoptic view’ for identifying geologic phenomena was more widely recognized (Halbouty 1980). Since then, applications of remote sensing can be found in most of the geological sub-disciplines. Given the multidisciplinary nature of geologic studies, there are far more applications of the remote sensing method in geology than could conceivably be covered here in any meaningful way. Instead, we offer an account of the current status of mineral mapping using typical hyperspectral imaging systems – for mining and other extractive industries as well as ...