This major international handbook provides a complete review and guide to past and present knowledge in this essential field of inquiry. Assembling an outstanding team of scholars from around the world, it comprehensively explores the current state of the art in academic thinking and the current structures and processes for the administration of public policy following this period of rapid transformation and change.
Section 7: Politics and Administration
Since the emergence of the democratic state, relations between politics and administration have been an issue. At stake is the balance between a fair implementation of public policies, voted by the elected bodies, and an exclusive appropriation of the state apparatus by a political coalition. In the real world, however, this result has been reached; each state organizes its own framework based on distinctive values and institutions to get this balance. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the focus has been on the difficult compliance of the ‘principle of neutrality’ with the compelling domination of politics over administration. The concept meant that public administration was nothing but an instrument under the hierarchical authority of the executive power to implement the ...