The book that established itself as a standard text and reference work for students seeking to master research methods and procedures in psychology has been updated and revised in this new edition! The Second Edition of The Psychology Research Handbook: A Guide for Graduate Students and Research Assistants once again offers a comprehensive guide for understanding and conquering the entire research process. Editors Frederick T. L. Leong and James T. Austin have assembled a distinguished group of expert researchers who share skill sets accumulated as a result of years of practical exposure to the design, development, implementation, and documentation of research in psychology.
Chapter 22: Archival Data Sets: Revisiting Issues and Considerations
As different as experiments, surveys, and field studies may seem, they do have one common feature that distinguishes them from the methodological approach described in this chapter: Each involves the firsthand collection of data. Doing any of these three kinds of research entails gathering information, either by questioning or direct observation, from the people and groups who are the objects of study. Thus, the data originate with the research; they are not there before the research is undertaken.
By contrast, the fourth general strategy for doing social research is to make use of available data. Often, a social scientist can answer pressing research questions through the analysis ...