The book that established itself as a standard text and reference work for students seeking to master research methods and procedures in psychology has been updated and revised in this new edition! The Second Edition of The Psychology Research Handbook: A Guide for Graduate Students and Research Assistants once again offers a comprehensive guide for understanding and conquering the entire research process. Editors Frederick T. L. Leong and James T. Austin have assembled a distinguished group of expert researchers who share skill sets accumulated as a result of years of practical exposure to the design, development, implementation, and documentation of research in psychology.
Chapter 19: Basic Statistical Analysis
Generally, it is impossible to sample an entire population for a study. Psychologists obtain data from a sample instead and make conclusions about the population based on these data (see McCready, Chapter 10 in this handbook). It is always possible, however, that the study's results occurred solely by chance, and it is incumbent on the researcher to provide statistical evidence to the contrary. Thus, statistical analysis is indispensable in psychological research.
Basic statistical analysis is a broad topic, a thorough explanation of which requires more space than is available in this chapter. This chapter offers helpful highlights and procedural suggestions for the novice who is developing or building on his or her skills and scripts for research and analysis. (See ...