The book that established itself as a standard text and reference work for students seeking to master research methods and procedures in psychology has been updated and revised in this new edition! The Second Edition of The Psychology Research Handbook: A Guide for Graduate Students and Research Assistants once again offers a comprehensive guide for understanding and conquering the entire research process. Editors Frederick T. L. Leong and James T. Austin have assembled a distinguished group of expert researchers who share skill sets accumulated as a result of years of practical exposure to the design, development, implementation, and documentation of research in psychology.
Chapter 10: Applying Sampling Procedures
Sampling is a tool for solving specific problems in research. Because we cannot see all of reality in a single glance, we are restricted to viewing events one at a time. The purpose of sampling is to provide systematic rules and methods for allowing us to estimate how well our sample represents the reality we are studying.
For example, think of the people who first tried to study human beings from the inside. They had no idea what to expect. There was no map for them. The very earliest students of anatomy studied cadavers, the bodies of people who had died. By carefully describing what our circulatory systems and organ placements looked like, these early scientists provided an eventual map ...