This major new Handbook provides a definitive state-of-the-art review to political theory, past and present. It offers a complete guide to all the main areas and fields of political and philosophical inquiry today by the world's leading theorists. The Handbook is divided into five parts which together serve to illustrate: - the diversity of political theorizing - the substantive theories that provide an over-aching analysis of the nature/or justification of the state and political life - the political theories that have been either formulated or resurgent in recent years - the current state of the central debates within contemporary political theory - the history of western political thought and its interpretations - traditions in political thought outside a western perspective. The Handbook of Political Theory marks a benchmark publication at the cutting edge of its field. It is essential reading for all students and academics of political theory and political philosophy around the world.
Chapter 27: Modern Islamic Political Thought
Modern Islamic Political Thought
When, for the first time in their history, Muslims found themselves dominated – militarily, politically, and economically – by a colonizing Christian West, they began to raise questions such as:
What are the causes that led to the general degradation of the modern Muslims?
If Islam is a faith that unifies, why this numerous diversity among Muslims?
Is Muslim unity a reasonable hope capable of realization?
Is it possible for one of us to be a loyal nationalist and a sincere Muslim, at one and the same time?
How did it happen that the modern states came into existence only in Christendom?
Does Islam tolerate free, liberal institutions [and] [i]s it able to adapt itself to the demands of such institutions?
Why have we become ...