- Subject index
What is the condition of the field of Physical Education? How is it adapted to the rise of kinesiology, sport and exercise science and human movement studies over the last thirty years? This Handbook provides an authoritative critical overview of the field and identifies future challenges and directions. The Handbook is divided in to six sections: Perspectives and Paradigms in Physical Education Research; Cross-disciplinary Contributions to Research Philosophy; Learning in Physical Education; Teaching Styles and Inclusive Pedagogies; Physical Education Curriculum; and Difference and Diversity in Physical Education.
Chapter 36: Physical Education and Youth Sport
Physical Education and Youth Sport
The aim of this chapter is to describe the relationship between physical education and youth sport. Therefore it is useful to start with a short description of the terminology of physical education (curricular), extracurricular physical education and youth sport as used in this chapter. We approach physical education as the compulsory physical activities taught as an integral part of the curriculum for every pupil, described in final attainment levels as qualitative criteria (closed systems) or guidance (open systems) for physical education teachers and schools. Penney and Harris (1997) describe extracurricular physical education as “the provision of activities outside of formal physical education curriculum, most often after-school and at lunch-times, but also in some schools, at weekends ...