• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

What is the condition of the field of Physical Education? How is it adapted to the rise of kinesiology, sport and exercise science and human movement studies over the last thirty years? This Handbook provides an authoritative critical overview of the field and identifies future challenges and directions. The Handbook is divided in to six sections: Perspectives and Paradigms in Physical Education Research; Cross-disciplinary Contributions to Research Philosophy; Learning in Physical Education; Teaching Styles and Inclusive Pedagogies; Physical Education Curriculum; and Difference and Diversity in Physical Education.

Learner Cognition
Learner cognition
Introduction

Cognition is defined by Gage and Berliner (1992) as “all the ways in which people think”. As can be inferred from this definition, that terminology encompasses a broad range of constructs that affect student learning. The cognitive strategies and processes that are used to facilitate learning are critical components in the study of learner cognition (Pintrich and Garcia, 1991). In educational research literature, the term cognition is generally used interchangeably with thought processes (Peterson, 1988; Wittrock, 1986b). A wide range of thought processes and cognitive strategies have been studied in an effort to better understand how teachers and other practitioners can best structure the learning environment to facilitate student engagement in the content that will foster learning. Individuals engage in a wide ...

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