This book provides an authoritative, yet accessible guide to the philosophy of education, its scope, its key thinkers and movements, and its potential contribution to a range of educational concerns. The text offers a balanced view of three key dimensions: first, in giving an equal weight to different styles and modes of philosophy; second, by including past and present perspectives on philosophy of education; and third, in covering both the general “perennial” issues in philosophy and issues of more contemporary concern.
Chapter 28: Individual and Community Aims in Education
Individual and Community Aims in Education
The aim of this chapter is to identify the historical roots and qualities of two major and conflicting views regarding the controversial issue of aims in education: the individual and community stances. Before focusing on the educational aspects, including references to particular proponents of each, we offer some general background and the philosophical roots to the position. Given the long history of this dispute, it is impossible to offer very detailed accounts and argue for all the specific interpretations of the authors alluded to. However, where possible, we have provided direct quotes from the authors or references to secondary accounts so the reader will be able at her leisure to pursue the topic in ...