This book provides an authoritative, yet accessible guide to the philosophy of education, its scope, its key thinkers and movements, and its potential contribution to a range of educational concerns. The text offers a balanced view of three key dimensions: first, in giving an equal weight to different styles and modes of philosophy; second, by including past and present perspectives on philosophy of education; and third, in covering both the general “perennial” issues in philosophy and issues of more contemporary concern.
Chapter 27: Equality and Justice
Equality and Justice
In Whose Justice? Which Rationality?, Alasdair MacIntyre (1988) shows how rival philosophical traditions articulate radically incompatible conceptions of justice corresponding to their competing theories of practical rationality:
Some conceptions of justice make the concept of desert central, while others deny it any relevance at all. Some conceptions appeal to inalienable human rights, others to some notion of social contract, and others again to a standard of utility. Moreover, the rival theories of justice which embody these rival conceptions also give expression to disagreements about the relationship of justice to other human goods, about the kind of equality which justice requires, about the range of transactions and persons to which considerations of justice are relevant, and about whether or not a knowledge ...