A definitive, authoritative and up-to-date resource for anyone interested in the theories, models and assessment methods used for understanding the many facets of Human personality and individual differences. Volume 2: Personality Measurement and Assessment. Covers psychometric measurement of personality.
Chapter 18: From Situation Assessment to Personality: Building a Social-Cognitive Model of a Person
From Situation Assessment to Personality: Building a Social-Cognitive Model of a Person
Cross-situational variability has posed a puzzle for personality psychology: How does one reconcile the fact that any given person's behavior varies across situations and from moment-to-moment with a central assumption of personality theories that personality is stable and consistent across situations? In other words, how does one account for the invariance of personality while at the same time taking into account the dynamic changes in the cognitions, affects, and behaviors experienced by the individual?
Take, for example, David Letterman. He has been a stand-up comic since 1975 and has been the host of one of the most watched late night shows in America. ...