A definitive, authoritative and up-to-date resource for anyone interested in the theories, models and assessment methods used for understanding the many facets of Human personality and individual differences. Volume 2: Personality Measurement and Assessment. Covers psychometric measurement of personality.
Chapter 13: Exploring Personality Through Test Construction: Development of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire
Exploring Personality Through Test Construction: Development of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire
Introduction: Approaches to Scale Construction
Construction of a self-report personality inventory can be a straightforward undertaking. We may take a ‘rational’ or ‘deductive’ approach (Burisch, 1984) and begin by formulating a construct from which to ‘deduce’ basic descriptors — in our case a set of construct-based self-report items. We might even draw on already developed constructs and start writing items immediately; Murray's (1938) carefully elaborated motivational trait constructs have served that function several times. Once enough items have been generated, scale construction, if purely deductive, is complete.
A deductive orientation does not rule out the use of data to improve one's initial scales. Data-based deletion or ...