• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A definitive, authoritative and up-to-date resource for anyone interested in the theories, models and assessment methods used for understanding the many factes of Human personality and individual differences. Volume 1: Personality Theories and Models deals with the major theoretical models underlying personality instruments.

Anxiety, Depression, and Anger: Core Components of Negative Affect in Medical Populations
Anxiety, depression, and anger: Core components of negative affect in medical populations
Negative Affect

Within psychology, the term ‘affect’ has evolved out of restricted usages within psychoanalysis and clinical psychiatry into a general term that refers to any kind of subjective feeling (Tomkins, 1962). Imposed with a metaphor from chemistry, affect is now regarded as either positive or negative in valence, the former implying pleasant feelings and the latter implying unpleasant feelings. Other terms used interchangeably with negative affect are ‘dysphoria’ and ‘distress’, though sometimes the words ‘stress’ and ‘suffering’ are also used to loosely suggest negative affect. The main point of consensus is that negative affect refers to any form of subjective feeling that ...

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