• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A definitive, authoritative and up-to-date resource for anyone interested in the theories, models and assessment methods used for understanding the many factes of Human personality and individual differences. Volume 1: Personality Theories and Models deals with the major theoretical models underlying personality instruments.

Personality and Information Processing: A Cognitive-Adaptive Theory
Personality and information processing: A cognitive-adaptive theory

Personality traits correlate with a multitude of objective indices of information processing — but what do the correlations mean? This chapter aims to explore the implications of information-processing studies for personality theory. I will argue that the cognitive correlates of the major traits are distributed across many component mechanisms at different levels of abstraction from the brain. The distributed nature of traits raises the question of how the multiple components may support a unitary trait. My answer is that traits derive coherence from the functional commonalities of these component processes, which work to support common adaptive goals. The chapter is structured as follows. I will introduce the theoretical challenges raised by studies ...

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