A definitive, authoritative and up-to-date resource for anyone interested in the theories, models and assessment methods used for understanding the many factes of Human personality and individual differences. Volume 1: Personality Theories and Models deals with the major theoretical models underlying personality instruments.
Chapter 20: Anxiety Revisited: Theory, Research, Applications
Anxiety Revisited: Theory, Research, Applications
‘To a man who is afraid, everything rustles.’ (Sophocles)
Anxiety has figured prominently in the literature as a ubiquitous and disturbing human emotion and one of the most prevalent reactions to psychological stress experienced by mankind (Sarason and Sarason, 1990). Anxiety is evoked when a person perceives a particular situation or event as threatening, dangerous, or harmful (Spielberger et al., 1976). The emotional reactions characteristic of anxiety are characterized by unpleasant feelings of tension and apprehension; worrisome thoughts and self-ruminative cognitions; and perceived emotional arousal, accompanied by heightened activity of the autonomic nervous system (palpitations, sweat, muscle tension, etc.).
Anxiety affords intriguing data for individual differences and clinical research for a number of reasons. First, anxiety is a ...