The Handbook of Parenting brings together in a single volume much of the theoretical and empirical knowledge and aspects of professional activity within the broadly defined field of parenting. Contributions are presented from an internationally renowned group of scholars known for their work in a range of disciplines, including child and family psychology, education and family studies, providing an accessible map of the major debates in theory, research and practice in this important and exciting field. The material is presented comprehensively. It encompasses essential policy and professional issues in all the main areas of current concern from parenting in culturally divergent settings, to parenting children with special needs in areas of physical, mental, social and educational functioning, to looking at ways in which the wider community and technological advances may be able to provide parenting support. Published in a single-volume format, this handbook will prove an invaluable and essential resource. Academics, researchers, practitioners and advanced students in a host of disciplines will gain from its breadth, wealth of information and enormous insight into the principal issues related to parenting theory and practice in the 21st century. The distinctive contribution of this handbook is to present a vast body of research and other information in a manner that is usable by practitioners in a wide range of child and parental support activities.
Chapter 8: Parenting in Reconstituted and Surrogate Families
Parenting in Reconstituted and Surrogate Families
Parenting issues in families that are not ‘intact’ in the biological and structural sense are reviewed and discussed. These include one-parent families, stepfamilies, adoptive and foster families, and families formed by artificial reproduction techniques. Family structure in itself does not account for differences in parenting quality. Rather, adults' and children's histories of relationships are important in determining the nature of parent-child relationships. The main implication of these conclusions is that the fostering of stability in children's lives is pivotal to their well-being, regardless of family structure.
Parenting is a challenge in all families, even those who have the obvious advantages of two competent and harmonious parents with children who are wanted and loved. However, when ...